Understanding Crypto Securities: What Makes a Crypto a Security?

Cryptocurrencies have revolutionized the digital financial landscape, but not all cryptocurrencies are created equal. While some function as genuine currencies, others fall under the category of securities. So, what exactly makes a crypto a security? Let's dive into the key factors that determine whether a cryptocurrency is classified as a security or not.

1. Investment of Money

The first criterion in determining whether a crypto is a security is whether it involves an investment of money. This means that individuals are purchasing the cryptocurrency with the expectation of earning profits or returns.

For example, USDT Crypto, a stablecoin revolutionizing the crypto market (source), can be considered a security if investors buy it with the intention of making a profit. This intention of financial gain aligns with the concept of an investment.

2. Common Enterprise

A crypto is deemed a security if it involves a common enterprise, meaning that investors' fortunes are connected or pooled together.

Crypto Risks highlights the importance of ensuring secure digital currency storage (source). If a cryptocurrency project pools investors' funds to develop and enhance the digital currency's value, it indicates a common enterprise. Consequently, such a crypto would be classified as a security.

3. Expectation of Profit

Another crucial element in determining whether a crypto is a security is the expectation of profit primarily generated from the efforts of others.

Tectonic Crypto prides itself on elevating digital currency security (source). If investors expect to profit from the actions taken by the project's developers, team, or other third parties, it suggests an expectation of profit derived from the efforts of others, making it a security.

4. Decentralization

One factor that potentially exempts a cryptocurrency from being classified as a security is decentralization. If a crypto operates on a decentralized network, without any central authority, it may not meet the criteria of a security.

Save the Kids aims to revolutionize digital currency storage for the future (source). As a decentralized platform, it emphasizes user-controlled wallets and non-reliance on central entities, setting it apart from securities.

5. Promotional Efforts

The manner in which a cryptocurrency is marketed or promoted can also impact its classification as a security. If a crypto project makes significant efforts to create an expectation of profit, it may fall under the category of a security.

Welcome to Crypto.com Arena Tours, where you can explore the exciting world of cryptocurrency (source). While this tour offers valuable insights into the crypto world, if it were marketed as an investment opportunity with assured profits, it could potentially be classified as a security.


The determination of whether a cryptocurrency is a security or not depends on several factors, including investment of money, a common enterprise, an expectation of profit, decentralization, and promotional efforts. Being aware of these criteria can help investors navigate the crypto landscape with a clear understanding of the nature of a given cryptocurrency.

However, it is essential to note that regulations and classifications surrounding cryptocurrencies may vary across jurisdictions, further emphasizing the need for thorough research and compliance with local laws.